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China National Museum

Updated:2008-06-06 10:27 | Source:

  The museum is one of the most important spots

  for red tourism’. It is located east of Tiananmen

  Square. It can be reached by the No. 1 subway line

  and many bus routes. It was based on the former

  Museum of Chinese History and the Museum of Chinese

  Revolution. It is under the jurisdiction of the

  Ministry of Culture. It was officially founded on

  Feb. 28, 2003. It is a comprehensive museum that

  displays the long cultural history of the Chinese

  nation in a systematic way while laying stress on

  history and art.

  The Museum of Chinese History dates back to the

  Office of Preparation for the Museum of Chinese

  History founded on July 9, 1912. On Oct. 1, 1949, it

  was renamed the Beijing History Museum, and came

  under the jurisdiction of Culture Ministry of the

  central government. In 1959, its name was changed to

  the Museum of Chinese History.

  The Museum of the Chinese Revolution dates back to

  the Office of Preparation for the Museum of Chinese

  Revolution founded in March 1950. In 1960 it was

  officially named the Museum of the Chinese


  In August 1959, the buildings of the twin museums

  east of the Tiananmen Square were completed. With a

  total floor space of over 65,000 square meters, they

  ranked among the ten landmarks of Beijing. They were

  opened to the public on Oct. 1 of that year, exactly

  ten years after the People’s Republic was founded.

  The multi-functional China National Museum is

  capable of collection, archaeological research, and

  display of cultural relics. It systematically

  collects valuable relics reflecting the past and

  present of China, and shows tourists from home and

  abroad the great history and splendid culture of the

  country in a comprehensive way by means of regular

  and special exhibitions. Over nearly fifty years,

  the museum has acquired a team of renowned experts

  and scholars and 610,000 items of

  historical/cultural relics. It provides high-tech

  protection for its collection. Three centers,

  respectively for field archaeology, underwater

  archaeology, and remote-sensing- and aerial-

  photography-aided archaeology, have been created.

  Another center has been set up for international

  academic exchange between scholars and large

  museums. It is also an important provider of high-

  quality cultural entertainment for Beijing citizens

  and tourists from home and abroad.

  At present, the museum’s regular exhibits have two

  themes¨Cthe history of China and the Chinese

  revolution. The former, which centers on the general

  history of China, is embodied by 9,000 relics

  reflecting the history from theYuanmou Man that

  lived over 1.7 million years ago to 1911, when the

  last feudal dynasty fell. The exhibits fall into

  three categories¨Cthe primitive society, the slave

  society, and the feudal society. Accompanied by

  diagrams, models, and captions, they show major

  historical events, outstanding figures, and the

  contribution of all the ethnic groups to the history

  of China.

  The second theme is embodied by exhibits reflecting

  the history of the Chinese revolution and the

  building of socialism in China. The former kind of

  exhibits, divided into 10 parts, consist of 4,500

  real objects, books or writings, pictures, models,

  paintings, and sculptures. They are a lively

  embodiment of China’s modern history and the nation

  ’s path to victory through brave opposition to

  imperialist invasions and feudalist oppressions

  under the leadership of the communist party.

  From 2007 to 2009, the museum will be renovated and

  expanded. By the time that is completed, its current

  65,000-square-meter floor space will have been

  expanded to 250,000 square meters; its equipment

  will have been further integrated and modernized. It

  will enjoy the prestige commensurable with the

  civilization of China as well as international

  renown, and live up to that prestige and renown in

  terms of collections, scale of exhibitions, hardware

  and staff.

  Address: the east side of the Tiananmen Square,

  Dongcheng District, Beijing


Editor : Zhu Jia

Opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics