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Tian'anmen Square

Updated:2008-06-06 10:19 | Source:

  Panorama: Tian'anmen Spuare

  Tian An Men (Gate of Heavenly Peace) was the main

  entrance to the Forbidden City during the Ming and

  Qing Dynasties. Built in 1417, it was first named

  the Cheng Tian Men, meaning that emperors obeyed the

  order of Heaven in ruling the country. Destroyed by

  fire twice, it was rebuilt in 1651 during the Qing

  Dynasty and renamed Tian An Men. It is also honored

  as the "Gate of the Nation."

  During the Ming and Qing Dynasties grand ceremonies

  were held at Tian An Men. Composed of the rostrum

  and gate tower, the building is 34.7 meters high and

  has five watchtowers. Supported by nine huge

  columns, the building has a splendid colorful roof

  of glazed tiles. With painted pillars and carved

  beams, the hall of Tian An Men Rostrum looks

  majestic. Sixty huge columns, representing the

  Earthly Branches designate years, months, days and

  hours and the Heavenly stems to designate marks of

  order, stand in perfect harmony to demonstrate the

  permanent stability of the nation. Tian An Men, a

  masterpiece of China's ancient architectural art,

  represents the superb skill and artistic talent of

  the Chinese people.

  As one of the largest city squares in the world,

  Tian An Men Square occupies an area of 440, 000

  square meters--spacious enough to accommodate half a

  million people. Many annual and special celebrations

  and assemblies are held here.

  On October 1st, 1949, Chairman Mao Ze Dong declared

  the founding of the People's Republic of China on

  the Tian An Men Rostrum, thus opening a new chapter

  in the history of China. In the new period of

  reforms and opening, Tian An Men, with its long

  history and rich culture, attracts people from all

  over the world.

  (Source:

  http://www.ebeijing.gov.cn/Tour/ScenicSpots/)

Editor : Zhu Jia

Opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics