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The Peking Man Site

Updated:2008-06-06 10:19 | Source:

  The Peking Man Site is located west of

  Zhoukoudian town in Fangshan District, about 48

  kilometers from downtown Beijing. The elevation of

  the site is 145 meters. It is three kilometers long

  from north to south and 1.5 kilometers wide from

  east to west. The area belongs to the erosion hills

  in front of the West Mountain in Beijing, and the

  mountain is mainly composed of limestone of the

  Paleozoic Ordovician system. The rock was formed

  some 500 million years ago, and due to erosion for a

  long time, karst caves were formed underground.

  Since 1918, in the sedimentation layer in the karst

  caves, scientists have discovered more than 20 ruins

  of human civilization and fossil sites. According to

  the sequence of the activities of the ancient

  humans, they were the Peking Man site, the New Cave

  Man site and the Upper Cave Man site. The skulls of

  the Peking Man, the teeth fossils of the New Cave

  Man and the skulls of the Upper Cave Man unearthed,

  the fire ashes as thick as six meters and more than

  100,000 pieces of stone tools in different shapes

  indicate that the history of human evolution and

  development is at least 500,000 years. Before these

  archaeological findings, the earliest human fossils

  already unearthed in the world have a history of no

  more than 100,000 years. The excavation and findings

  at Longgu Hill in Zhoukoudian gave us a positive

  answer to the question where was the human being

  from, which had puzzled us for thousands of years

  and had led to numerous beautiful legends and tales.

  The discovery and study of the Peking Man found at

  Longgu Hill had an indelible historical merit in

  revealing the development and evolution history of

  the human being.


Editor : Zhu Jia

Opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics