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The Ming Tombs

Updated:2008-06-06 10:19 | Source:

  Panorama:Changling of Ming Tombs

  Located at the foot of the Tianshou Mountain in

  Changping District, Beijing, the Ming Mausoleums,

  occupying an area of 120 square kilometers, are well

  preserved and have the biggest number of emperors

  buried in the world.

  Built in the seventh year of the Ming Emperor

  Yongle's reign (1409), Changling Tomb of Emperor

  Chengzu (Zhudi) is the first one among the Ming

  Mausoleums. It is located in front of the main peak

  of the Tianshou Mountain, while the other eleven

  mausoleums built in the Ming Dynasty, including

  Xianling, Jingling, Yuling, Maoling, Tailing,

  Kanling, Yongling, Zhaoling, Dingling, Qingling and

  Deling are founded at the two sides of the Changling

  Tomb. Lying at the southwestern corner of the

  mausoleum area, Siling Tomb of Emperor Chongzhen

  (Zhu Youjian) is the last-built one among the

  mausoleums, which was transformed from an imperial

  concubine's tomb. Siling Tomb was denominated in the

  first year of Emperor Shunzhi' reign (1644) in the

  Qing Dynasty(1666-1911) and the above-ground

  buildings were added then. Other affiliated

  buildings are: seven tombs of the imperial

  concubine, one eunuch tomb, an Imperial Garden and

  Traveling Palace in the Ming Dynasty. There used to

  be ten Pass Towns around the Ming Tombs.

  Because part of the buildings within the mausoleum

  area were destroyed in war in the transition period

  of the Ming and the Qing dynasties, and such

  situation went on with more other buildings later,

  the Qing government renovated the main buildings on

  a larger scale in 1785-1787. Peking government of

  the Republic of China (1912-1949)also repaired the

  Great Wall nearby in 1935. After the establishment

  of the People's Republic of China, greater measures

  have been taken to intensify the repair working on

  seven tombs of Changling, Xianling, Jingling,

  Yongling, Zhaoling, Dingling and Siling and the

  Sacred Way. The underground palace of Dingling Tomb

  was excavated successfully in 1956-1957.

  In 1961, the Ming Tombs were proclaimed as the

  important cultural relics under state protection. At

  present, three mausoleums, Changling, Dingling and

  Zhaoling, and the Sacred Way are open to the public

  as scenic spots.


Editor : Zhu Jia

Opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics