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The Lama Temple

Updated:2008-06-06 09:59 | Source:

  The Lama Temple, or Yonghe Gong in Chinese,

  is the largest Tibetan Buddhist Lama Temple in

  Beijing. It was built in the 33rd year of Kangxi

  Reign in the Qing Dynasty (1694) as the mansion for

  Emperor Yongzheng when he was a prince. In the third

  year of the third Qing Emperor Yongzheng Reign

  (1725), it was made an imperial palace for short

  stays, named Yonghe Gong (Gong means palace in

  Chinese.). In 1744, the ninth year of the Qianlong

  Reign, it was converted into a lamasery.

  The main buildings in the Yonghe Gong complex is

  composed of and six main halls Yonghe Gate,

  Yonghegong Hall, Yongyou Hall, Falun Hall, Wanfu

  Hall, Suicheng Hall. Besides there are the east and

  west side halls, Sixue Hall (including Apothecary

  Hall, Mathematics Hall, Esoteric Hall and Lecture

  Hall), and two exhibition halls of cultural relics.

  At the gate of the Lama Temple there stand three

  graceful memorial archways. The whole perfect layout

  looks majestic with the characteristics of Manchu,

  Han, Tibetan and Mongolian cultures.

  In each hall of the temple, there are enshrined many

  Buddhist statues, Tangka and rare cultural relics.

  Among them three most famous pieces of treasure were

  recorded in Guinness Book of World Records. They are

  the Five-Hundred-Arhat Hill carved out of red

  sandalwood, the Buddhist Niche carved of nanmu (a

  kind of evergreen arbor), and the 18-meter tall

  Buddha in a piece of sandalwood.

  Before the founding of the People's Republic of

  China in 1949, the Lama Temple remained in ruins.

  After 1949, the People's Government attached great

  importance to the temple. State leaders made

  inspections to it frequently and large investments

  have been put into the reconstruction project of the

  temple. In 1961, it was listed as one of the major

  national protected cultural heritages. Thanks to the

  consideration of the late Premier Zhou Enlai, the

  temple survived the turmoil of the decade cultural

  revolution. In 1981, the Lama Temple was reopened to

  the public.


Editor : Zhu Jia

Opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics